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Pregnant women worldwide deliver their babies in hospitals through the normal delivery method (vaginal delivery). They do not need special medical assistance to deliver their babies. However, a few women need medical assistance and certain medical instruments to bring their babies into the world. These medical instruments are called forceps and are specially designed to assist doctors in helping pregnant women deliver their babies. Such assistance required during vaginal deliveries is called assisted vaginal deliveries or forceps deliveries based on the forceps used when labor does not show progress.  

Overview of Forceps Delivery

Forcep delivery is used to enable pregnant women to deliver their babies when vaginal contractions during childbirth are not enough. In such cases, a tong-like instrument called forceps is used to assist the mother and the doctor in pulling the baby out through the vagina and facilitating childbirth. This is also called a modified vaginal delivery. This method is sometimes used in vaginal childbirth by doctors to help guide the baby out of the birth canal. 

What are Forcep Deliveries

Forcep deliveries are recommended during childbirth in conditions where the mother is unable to push the baby out using gestational force. In a forceps delivery, the cervix of the woman is fully dilated, and the membrane has ruptured with the baby seen descending into the birth canal. However, the mother is unable to push the baby out of the birth canal.  

Gynecologists proceed with forceps delivery after the mother fails in the first stage of labor. It means that forceps delivery is used in the second stage of labor, where labor does not show progress. This assisted vaginal delivery is called forceps delivery because of the special instrument used to hold the baby’s head and pull it out of the birth canal. 

The Indications of Forcep Deliveries

As mentioned earlier, forceps deliveries are used in the second stage of labor, where the cervix is completely dilated, and the membrane has ruptured due to the gestational force applied by the mother during the first stage of labor. These medical instruments called forceps resembling large salad tongs are used (as assistance) to guide the baby out of the birth canal. Here are a few situations where forceps delivery is indicated.  

Request an appointment at Dr Komala's Women Clinic

Dr Komala’s Women Clinic is one of the best hospitals with the best gynecologists who have performed many successful forceps deliveries. 

 Precautions to be Taken After Forcep Deliveries

 After delivery, it is not just the baby you need to take care of but also care for your health. A few precautions you must take after a forceps delivery are

Risks and Complications Associated with Forcep Deliveries

The risks and complications associated with forceps deliveries are rarely seen. However, if they occur, they may include:

For Mother

For the Baby


After a forceps delivery, your doctor will thoroughly examine you for injuries or lacerations and treat them. Your doctor will also monitor your baby’s condition. 

Yes, forceps deliveries are relatively safer than C-sections.

The body takes around 12 weeks to recover after a forceps delivery completely. 

  • The position of the baby’s head is not known
  • The baby has diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta
  • The baby has bleeding disorders such as hemophilia
  • The baby’s shoulders and arms pass before the head through the birth canal

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